- #1. Calculating your net worth
- #2. Setting financial goals
- #3. Tracking your spending
- #4. Budgeting for regular monthly expenses
- #5. Budgeting for irregular expenses
- #6. Budgeting for funds
- #7. Hate scrabbling to pay for big expenses?
- #8. Review your budget monthly
- #9. Ideas for Increasing Income
- #10. Cutting Expenses--It's NOT What You Think
- #11. Budget Boot Camp Wrap-Up
How to budget in three easy steps:
Step 1: Create a budgetDon’t worry—you can always adjust it later, just get something down.
- Mint.com and Yodlee.com are free (and awesome) ways to automate budgeting for people with multiple bank accounts and credit cards. Just create an account, add all your various accounts and cards, then set up your budget. (FYI: We're not getting paid to recommend these sites--they're just the best). You may find you want to use a spreadsheet in addition to these tools.
- Many banks and credit cards offer free budget tools that can be created in minutes.
- If technology overwhelms you, if nothing else, write it down (see example budget here:).
- Lauren and her husband use a combination of Yodlee and an Excel Spreadsheet. My husband and I use Quicken, but it's not the most user-friendly for new budgeters.
--SPECIAL NOTE--Include a “mad money” account in your budget (More details here). It’s good to be disciplined, but just like a hungry dieter, if you feel deprived you are less likely to stick to it. Each spouse should have their own little mad money that they can spend on whatever they want. The trick is to set a specific amount so you can buy some fun things guilt-free. It’s okay—it’s part of the budget!
Step 2: REVIEW!The most important aspect of budgeting is to review your spending regularly (at least monthly). My husband and I find it’s easier to remember if we review on a weekly basis, on the same day of the week. We have what we call our “audit” every Sunday (sounds serious, I know--let it be known these audits are often conducted in our pajamas). Basically, we make sure all our transactions got downloaded, then we:
- Look at our overall budget and how we're doing
- Focus in on any "problem" categories
- Brainstorm on what we need to do to improve and make any changes necessary
Step 3: Make AdjustmentsIf your expenses are exceeding your income or you're not putting away enough towards savings, retirement, etc., then you have two options: (1) Increase income or (2) Cut expenses. Here are some ideas for both:
- Extra sources for income
- If your job is hourly, can you take on extra hours? Can you get a second or third job? (During the last year of our Master's programs, to ensure we could be debt-free soon after graduation, my husband had three part-time jobs and I had two.)
- Turn unused items into cash (cars, old cell phones and other electronics). Sell online or have an old-fashioned garage sale.
- In the long term, consider getting additional education that would qualify you for a better paying job.
- If you are renting, shop around for a more modest place to live that better meets your budget.
- Eliminate recurring expenses such as cable (use internet tv) or other memberships. Changes should be sustainable. Dropping our cable seemed like a tough decision at first until we realized almost all the shows we watched were available online for free.
- Cut back on eating out (limit to once a week, once a month, or whatever is needed)
- Cut your grocery bill by cooking more (in season produce = cheap), buy fewer prepared foods
- Consolidate insurance (auto, home, life) for discounts, make sure you're getting all the discounts you deserve, or if needed shop around for a cheaper company
- Get a cheaper cell phone plan that still meets your needs
- Cut credit card interest expense by paying off balances (see our debt page)
- Old fashioned saving: borrowing books/movies from the library instead of buying, thrifting instead of buying new
- So many more ideas! Get creative.
See more budget-related posts here.
Livin' On A Budget - What crazy things have you done to ensure you always live within your means? Dropped cable? Gone to an all-cash system?
How do you budget? Mint? Excel? Quicken? Envelope system? ;)